Reasons of alopecia and its treatment with Propecia
It is known every day a person loses hundreds of hairs. It is considered normal if you lose up to 100 hairs a day but we don’t notice this as they are replaced by new hairs. But if hair growth slows down or for whatever reasons you experience an excessive hair loss, it can cause incipient baldness (scientific name “alopecia”). Hair loss may be partial. Men are more prone to baldness and it begins with the frontal and vertex areas. Therefore, if you have discovered in the morning on your pillow lost hair, it is high time to think what causes the hair loss and begin to take measures to fight against alopecia symptoms.
How to check if you have hair loss problems?
To determine whether you need to worry about your hair loss, perform a simple test: do not wash the head for three days, and then pull the tuft of hair growing on the crown and temples. If every time after such an experience you have more than five hairs in your hand, it means that you have certain pathology and need to look for the cause of hair loss.
What may cause hair loss?
Alopecia – the word comes to us from the ancient Greek, which meant baldness. This term refers to hair loss that has a pathological character and leads to a complete loss of hair or a significant thinning over large areas of the head or body skin. Among the most common reasons there are the following:
- Nervous stress for a long period, for example, an unpleasant work environment, salary delay or unemployment.
- Lack of vitamins and minerals due to an unbalanced diet, lack of fruits and vegetables in the diet, or fermented milk products, monotonous food with a predominance of carbohydrates and fatty food.
- Endocrine disorders (thyroid disease), a metabolic disorder.
- Heredity, i.e., if dad is bald, the son is going to be also bald at a young age (androgenetic alopecia).
- Hormonal disorders.
- Age-related changes.
- Down’s syndrome (a genetic disease characterized by the characteristic appearance of patients and dementia).
- Addison’s disease (adrenal pathology).
- Some connective tissue diseases (systemic lupus erythematosus).
What is Propecia and how it can help with hair loss?
Hair loss in men occurs quite often nowadays as the main cause of baldness is stress, which negatively affects health and appearance. Fortunately, in many cases, you can avoid this unpleasant condition, using special cosmetic and medical remedies. Although hair loss is an ongoing process but there are medications that can help slow down or prevent the development of common baldness. It can take up to 6 months before you see the results of these drugs, but if you stop taking the medicine hair loss may return.
One of the most popular is Propecia, which is the world’s first drug against baldness. It works by inhibiting the conversion of testosterone 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a hormone that plays an important role in hair loss. Propecia has been approved for use in men only. You can find other 5-alpha-reductase in the market as well but Propecia is the only approved treatment for baldness.
Why is Propecia the best choice?
Propecia was approved by the European Medicines Agency and has been recommended by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, which confirmed the clinical efficacy and safety of this medicine. Propecia is unique in its preparation possibilities. It is the world’s first tablet, effectively eliminating the problem of baldness. The effectiveness and duration of effect in the treatment of androgenetic alopecia of Propecia is much higher than other drugs can offer you. After successful clinical trials the popularity of Propecia is steadily growing.
The main active ingredient of Propecia is Finasteride, which use was extended in 1992, when it was used in medical practice for the treatment of prostatic hyperplasia. Men used finasteride against baldness reported increased growth of hair on the forehead and top of the head. It is able to inhibit the enzyme activity – such as two fifth-alpha reductase, which promotes the conversion of testosterone to its active form dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Thus Finasteride lowers levels of DHT in the scalp skin of the patient’s head and helps to preserve hair.
Benefits of Propecia:
- It is one of the most effective and safe means to get rid of male baldness, regardless of nationality and race;
- the drug also helps to reduce hair loss, improves several times their condition and most importantly, stimulates the growth of new locks.
- In 86% of cases after systemic administration of the drug there was a stop of hair loss and 65% of men noticed new locks growing. Two years after receiving the drug, the numbers were even more successful;
- Propecia is almost free from side effects. Decreased libido is manifested, but only in 3% of men using the drug. At the same time, the side effects are completely dismissive after discontinuation of the drug.
How to take Propecia to enjoy positive results?
Development of DHT hormone begins to be blocked immediately after the start of treatment. However, damaged hair follicles need time to restore normal operation. Even healthy hair grows very slowly, somewhere in the 1 cm per month, so to replace thinning hair and produce visible improvements finasteride therapy for several months is required. Therefore, Propecia should be taken daily in the course of three months or longer. Untimely termination of therapy may often be accompanied by relapses, it is better to tune in to a long and successful treatment of baldness. If you forget to take the medicine, just skip this day and continue treatment using the initial dosage. Unwarranted increase in the dose of the drug is unacceptable, since it increases the risk of side effects. Gradually you will notice improvement, but after about six months you will see the newly healthy regrown hair that will return your young and fresh appearance.
With regard to the treatment of female androgenetic alopecia, Propecia could be just as effective, but its main active substance – finasteride increases the likelihood of congenital anomalies of the fetus in pregnant women. This has led the company-developer Merck & Co., Inc. forbid the use of Propecia in women of childbearing age.